Part Two: Pearl established Welcome House
In 1934, because of conditions in China, and also to be closer to Richard Walsh and her daughter Carol, whom she had placed in an institution in New Jersey, Pearl moved permanently to the US. She bought an old farmhouse, Green Hills Farm, in Bucks County, PA. She and Richard adopted six more children over the following years. Green Hills Farm is now on the Registry of Historic Buildings; fifteen thousand people visit each year.
From the day of her move to the US, Pearl was active in American civil rights and women's rights activities. She published essays in both Crisis, the journal of the NAACP, and Opportunity, the magazine of the Urban League; she was a trustee of Howard University for twenty years, beginning in the early 1940s. In 1942, Pearl and Richard founded the East and West Association, dedicated to cultural exchange and understanding between Asia and the West.
In 1949, outraged that existing adoption services considered Asian and mixed-race children unadoptable, Pearl established Welcome House, the first international, inter-racial adoption agency; in the nearly five decades of its work, Welcome House has assisted in the placement of over five thousand children. In 1964, to provide support for Amerasian children who were not eligible for adoption, Pearl also established the Pearl S. Buck Foundation, which provides sponsorship funding for thousands of children in half-a-dozen Asian countries.
Pearl Buck died in March, 1973, just two months before her eighty-first birthday. She is buried at Green Hills Farm.”
Korean War Baby comments:
As a Mixed-Race, Half-Breed HonHyolA (혼혈아) naturally the Korean War Baby feel strongly that TransRacial Adoption is okay. We who are Mixed-Blooded are obviously different and if Adopted by Rich White Folks (What happened to me, my parents were not even comfortably well off?) we ‘stand out’.
Now those who are of ‘Full or Pure’ blood, have different issues that shout out, “Hey, look at me, I am Asian”. (Please don’t get the idea that I am angry at my brothers/sisters who ARE Racially pure Korean…Okay, okay, I am just a tiny bit jealous. Even my good friends Nolin and David looks more Korean than I do, though they are also of mixed blood).
Both Mixed and Full ethnic Koreans have though common issues to deal with in life. I believe the issues are very similar.
Part Three of Pearl S. Buck will examine her writings on why she thought Transracial Adoptions were ‘Okay’.